Types of Brakes
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Any modern roller coaster with more than one train intended to run has block brakes. They act as virtual barriers between the trains running on the ride, preventing collisions should one train fail the course for any reason.
A brake run is quite simply a series of brakes one after another which work together to slow down and sometimes stop) the train. Almost every roller coaster has a brake run of some type at the end, just before the station, and longer rides often have a mid-course brake run, which also acts as a block brake.
The LaMarcus Thomson "Scenic Railway" model had on-train brakes, operated by a brakeman who rode in the middle of the train. Since such coasters are all over 80 years old, they are now very rare; only eight still exist, not all of them operational. Surviving examples include the Scenic Railway at Dreamland and the Scenic Railway at Luna Park.
Magnetic Brakes work by having very powerful magnets under the car and on the track.
Skid BrakesSkid Brakes are basically a long piece of material, often ceramic covered, situated in the middle of the track, parallel to the rails. When engaged, the skid rises and friction against the underside of the train causes it to slow down and eventually stop. Skid brakes were one of the first advancements in roller coaster braking and are rarely used in modern coasters with the exception of Twister at Knoebels Amusement Park in Elysburg, PA and the Matterhorn at Disneyland in California.
|Roller Coaster Descriptions|
|Basic Elements||Brake Run • Lift Hill • Launch Track • Station|
|Advanced Elements||Bunny Hill • Headchopper • Inversions • Pre-Drop • Tunnel|
|Lift/Launch||Lift Hill (Cable Lift • Lift Chain • Elevator Lift • Ferris Wheel Lift • Thrill Lift • Tilt Section)|
|Technology||On-ride camera • On-ride soundtrack • Train • car • Track • Transfer Track • Underfriction • Wheel|
|Other||POV • Queue Line • Rollback • Theming|